Gold Fields digs deep to survive yet another setback
Protest over job losses has led to a 'write-off year' as the mine focuses on hitting the rest button for 2019
Gold Fields’ struggle with its South Deep mine in SA continued in the third quarter of 2018, forcing another downward revision of the operation’s full-year target, cutting output by a full quarter because of a strike.
Gold Fields, which has mines in Australia, Ghana and Peru, has invested R32bn in South Deep and has struggled since taking ownership of the mine in 2006 to make it a sustainably profitable operation.
The latest setback is a protected strike by the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) to protest against the cutting of 1,500 jobs, or one-third of the mine’s workforce, to lower costs in line with subdued production.
“What I’ve done is assume the strike will continue to the end of December, so in essence we lose a whole quarter. We had a go-slow before then of six to seven weeks because there were rumours that something might happen on retrenchments,” CEO Nick Holland said on Friday.
“It’s bit of a write-off year for South Deep as we try to get through the strike and reset the cost base for next year, focus on current operations, cut loss-making areas and slash capital for now, getting rid of the big spend in the future. That’s what we’d like to do in 2019 to get to break-even,” he said.
Holland unequivocally ruled out closing the mine as some commentators have called on Gold Fields to do, but he was far less clear when it came to the question of whether the company would sell the mine.
The capital to build and sustain the mine was R1bn a year, but the new plan would halve that number, he said.
The latest news in Gold Fields’ September quarterly production update made for grim reading as South Deep’s production target for the year was lowered to 154,600oz – basically half of what management had expected at the start of the year when it guided the market to 321,000oz.
South Deep produced 49,500oz of gold for the September quarter, little changed from the June quarter, while all-in costs, which include development capital, shot up to R804,998/kg from R755,930/kg, making the mine deeply unprofitable.
The restructuring exercise is designed to get costs closer to the gold price of R560,000/kg and bring the mine to break-even, but Holland declined to give a timeline or production level, which some in the industry have put at between seven and eight tons of gold a year, or more than 250,000oz.
Holland described earlier targets of 750,000oz or 800,000oz of gold from South Deep as “fanciful” now.
The reason for the blowout in September quarter costs was the lower number of ounces sold, higher operating costs and increased levels of sustaining capital.
Gold Fields is in the process of laying off 1,102 employees and 460 contractors at South Deep. NUM has embarked on a protected strike, which the company says has been marked by violence and acts of intimidation.
South Deep is one of the core areas of focus for investors and analysts because of the enormous amount of money spent at the mine, the missed production targets, and running losses as management grappled to ramp the mine up to steady-state output and achieve either break-even or profitable status.
As a result of the downward revision of South Deep’s full-year production, which was offset by the inclusion of gold production from the new investment in Asanko Gold in Ghana since July, Gold Fields pegged its full-year output at two million ounces. Gold Fields had started the year advising the market to expect up to 2.1 million ounces of gold for 2018.
With the Damang mine redevelopment in Ghana and the new Gruyere mine in Australia coming into production by June 2019, the international assets will deliver 2 million ounces a year, up from 1.2 million ounces a decade ago. The Solares Norte project in South America could add another 350,000oz of gold a year if Gold Fields builds a mine there.
The international mines, including the 45% stake in Asanko, which will deliver 45,000oz, will generate 1.85 million ounces of gold for the year, up from an earlier steer of 1.75 million ounces.